The plunder and destruction of the vast Amazon forests have been so terrible, that by 2035, they will cease to be a sink for CO2. The burning was so bad last year that the holocaust featured on the cover of The Economist magazine. This week The Science Show receives its first report from Ignacio Amigo who lives in Manaus and writes for the journal Nature.
A young woman reminds us we can help to ease the rate of global warming by our decisions and our actions. And so many of us in our daily lives are doing what we can. But what about when governments and corporations, by their decisions and actions, do the opposite.
In Australia, imagine a Murdoch-media-supported, Minerals Council-supported, fossil fuel magnates-supported, supposed gas-led transition, instead of clean energy. To be funded through the revenue provided by our citizens who pay taxes and contribute to the revenue we need. That’s what appears intended. The Federal Australian government subsidizes mining and allied industries with $29 billion a year. [IMF figures] Now they intend to foster the expansion of gas as a source of energy and profit in the name of ‘transition’!
Consider also the impact of logging, the refusal to foster the regeneration of burnt forests, while we try individually to lessen the impact of global warming! All that logging destroying forests in Australia. And governments are encouraged by corporations to remove protection of the environment and care nothing about the decline in bio-diversity.All this when we have the approach to education and government we need. Read https://www.monbiot.com/2020/05/17/university-of-life/ by George Monbiot.
Consider the brain as a forest. Think of what that might suggest.
The neuroscientist, Christof Koch asks us to make that comparison.
Not just any forest. Compare it to the Amazon.Caspar Henderson quotes Koch.
‘Scientists are only beginning to map the human brain, for example, revealing it as vastly more complex than any computer we can conceive. Our current understanding of physical reality is woefully incomplete. On Page 152 Koch compares the brain, not just to any forest, to the Amazon rain forest. ‘While it is not precise or literal, it reminds everyone of the diversity and complexity of the Amazon rain forest.’ He tells us: ‘The best estimate of the number of trees of the Amazon is 390 billion. Of our brain,’ he says, ‘the best estimate in terms of the neurons is about 86 billion.’ We talk of ‘logging’ as a major problem for our forests, too often for forests burnt, as they have been, in our catastrophic bushfires.
What if we are undermining the Amazon and other forests and the brain?
The Amazon rainforest is amazing. It makes its own rain. What’s the level of destruction now! The brain has other ways of being destroyed. One is by an education system that undermines the quality of thinking because its approach separates the sciences from the humanities!
Do you know this great American writer about science? Lewis Thomas M.D.?
In 1992, in his collections of essays in The Fragile Species, he wrote the following in this essay: ‘Science and the Health of the Earth’
‘Human beings simply cannot go on as they are going, exhausting the earth’s resources, altering the composition of the earth’s atmosphere, depleting the numbers and varieties of other species upon whose survival we, in the end, depend. It is not simply wrong. It is a piece of stupidity on the grandest scale for us to assume that we can simply take over the earth as though it were part farm, part park, part zoo, and domesticate it, and still survive as a species.’ [p. 122.]
In 1992 he said, ‘We are about to learn better, and we will be lucky if we learn in time.’
An International Award for Writing About Science The Lewis Thomas Prize was established in 1993 by the trustees of The Rockefeller University. The prize was initially to be called for the Scientist as Poet! Here are some of the recipients: Steven Weinberg. Oliver Sacks. E.O. Wilson. Richard Fortey. Jared Diamond. Kay Redfield Jamison. Frances Ashcroft. Sylvia Earle. Atul Gawande. Siddhartha Mukherjee.
They speak clearly to all of us. Are we going to change our ways in time?
Writers’ Week, Festival of Arts, Adelaide, Australia – Tuesday 3rd March 2020.
Connections Sophie Cunningham makes. Richard Powers, the American author of Overstory quotes Australia’s First Nations Kakadu Elder, Big Bill Neidjie. Sophie Cunningham, this Australian author, now Adjunct Professor RMIT University’s Non/fiction Lab, acknowledges this First Nation Elder, Bill Neidjie. She thanks Magabala Books of Broome for permission to quote from Story about Feeling by Bill Neidjie and Keith Taylor.
Read the whole review by Johanna Leggatt. Here are two excerpts.
City of Trees: Essays on life, death and the need for a forest by Sophie Cunningham Reviewed by Johanna Leggatt •
May 2019, no. 411 ‘. In ‘I Don’t Blame the Trees’, Cunningham displays a talent for great observational detail, noting that the debate as to whether eucalypts should be removed from California’s Angel Island is loaded with inflammatory phrases such as ‘immigrant’, ‘invader’, and ‘refugee’. She resists championing the cutting down of non-native species simply because they don’t support local flora and fauna, wondering instead, quite astutely, what will replace the old trees after they are removed and pointing out that these days all of us are from somewhere else anyway.’
Like David George Haskell, author of The Songs of Trees: Stories from Nature’s Great Connectors, she visits trees. Being Australian, she brings in the Eucalyptus and the Moreton Bay Fig. Compare their visits to olive trees!!! [See previous blogs re David George Haskell and Richard Powers in Sciences-and-Humanities.]
Johanna Leggatt writes: ‘Cunningham leavens her firsthand stories with summaries of scientific research and interviews. The result is an intriguing mélange of personal journey and journalism. The giant sequoia, we learn, are among the world’s oldest trees and their final numbers can be found along a belt of the western Sierra Nevada. When Cunningham walks through a grove of them, tears streaming down her face, she thinks, ‘I would lay down my life for you’. . . Standing before old-growth trees, reaching for description, her mind stalls before their majesty. She sketches the trees instead, but even this proves challenging, with Cunningham left to wonder, ‘Is it possible to draw, or write, a forest?’
Michael Christie is a Canadian writer, whose debut story collection The Beggar’s Garden was a longlisted nominee for the 2011 Scotiabank Giller Prize and a shortlisted nominee for the 2011 Rogers Writers’ Trust Fiction Prize.
Read the whole review of Greenwood by Michael McLoughlin of ‘Readings’ in Melbourne.
“Every generation experiences a catastrophe: history can be read as a series of apocalypses. Do you think the people affected by the Dust Bowl felt like the Plebs during the Fall of Rome? Will we all feel these same experiences as conflagrations continue to decimate entire regions and the seas rise up to drown our cities? How far will we go to protect life? Will we do the right thing?’
Greenwood is a novel. As with David George Haskell – non-fiction, and Richard Powers – fiction, we have here the non-fiction of Sophie Cunningham and fiction of Michael Christie. Both are story tellers of the highest order. Both speak to the heart of the matter.
But, in Tasmania Bob Brown and Conservation volunteers, despite the crisis, are trying to protect the takayna/ Tarkine – old growth forest – from the loggers and the insanity of the Tasmanian State Liberal government. They are being fined for protesting. They are being treated like criminals when they are caring about the future for the time when this crisis is over. Check the Bob Brown Foundation website. See the pictures of the impact of the logging already. Let us use our collective voices to fight for the future.
Offering this gem, in hope -– Find Edges by Belinda Broughton. Poet and artist.
Australia’s first environmental battle saved the forests of Terania Creek 40 years ago. Recently they have been burned by wildfire. The world’s forests are under increasing threat. And now their value and importance is greater than ever. This is our final reflection on Terania Creek 40 years after people came together, and politicians saw the light.
From the film ‘Give Trees a Chance’, Jack Thompson tells the story of Terania Creek from the stump of a logged rainforest tree
Presenter Robyn Williams
Producer David Fisher
Duration: 8min 39sec Broadcast: Sat 7 March 2020, 12.50 pm
Tufts University surveys university students across the US and reports STEM students least likely of any subject group to vote. In 2016, the humanities turnout was 53%. The STEM turnout was 43%. The Union of Concerned Scientists provides students with voter registration information and trains scientists for involvement in policy and advocacy.
Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. 6m 7s. Broadcast: Sat 29 Feb 2020, 12:53pm
In Australia the national curriculum, set up by the 2015 review, separated STEM from HASS. As a teacher, well aware of the value of cross disciplinary engagement, I abhor that separation. But, at least, we have compulsory voting. Voters must turn up. We are citizens of this nation. Voluntary voting in USA appears to allow citizens to abdicate. At least here they must turn up.
STEM students – future scientists, technologists, engineers, mathematicians – ignoring the humanities! USA has had an Academy of Arts and Sciences since 1780! They must realise what governments are capable of. We need STEAM – for young people’s future.
Listen to Australia’s Science Show, ABC RN February 22nd 2020.
Some trees were over 1.000 years old. The intensity of the fires destroyed them.
The story of Terania Creek.
Saved by protesters in 1979 when loggers wanted entry. So many burnt now. BUTin NSW in 2019 legislation, protesters who dare to try to protect the environment, to protect the trees and what we have left are to be penalised, fined. It appears, despite the fires, this government would rather pollute than protect. We have to ask whose interests they are promoting.
In 2020, in NSW developers are to be allowed in without checking the impact on the quality of the environment. They don’t have to do a count to check the impact on the koala population. It’s the NSW Liberal government backed by Shooters, Hunters and Fishers. Now in power!!! BUTother States are doing the same thing. In Queensland protesters against the Adani coal mine were put in gaol without bail! I question the direction Australia is taking. Towards USA? Or towards the EU? Which approach to the environment and the future are we taking? Always the ABC RN’s Science Show makes us think about where we are going. [See also the interview with Jared Diamond about his new book, Upheaval in the February 22nd 2020 program.]
Many people have been celebrating as 2019 marks forty years since the climax of protests to save the rainforests of northern NSW from clear-felling by foresters. It was the first environmental protest in Australia and led to protests which saved Tasmania’s Franklin River and other areas. But there is a sadness, as the area was not spared by the fires which have burnt so much land in eastern Australia. Sue Higginson, now an environmental lawyer was 19 when she protested to save the forests of Terania Creek. She reflects on what was achieved. ABC reporter Leah White reports on recent changes to laws which lessen environmental protection aid developers and threaten protesters and now, what has been lost by fire, and Scott Stephens, a contributor to the ABC RN’s ‘Minefield’ asks why we mourn the loss of animals, but not trees. He asks why our concern for people, fauna and not flora when, without the flora and the fungi, we are nowhere. How short-sighted are we? Will we learn? It will show in the way we vote. This is also a podcast for listeners.
In a previous blog, I focused on The Songs of Trees: Nature’s Great Connectors by David George Haskell. Look at it. And read Overstory by Richard Powers, winner of the 2019 Pulitzer Prize.
Jonathan Happold is a veterinarian and epidemiologist based in Canberra. He wrote his poem, Melanoma Country on 2nd January 2020 as south east Australia was on fire. He included the following:
I wrote Melanoma Country in the hours before evacuating from the South Coast of New South Wales, Australia, on 2nd January.
As an Australian – it was simply an expression in response to the bushfires. Shortly after Christmas, I drove to the coast through dry and dusty paddocks, and forests of tall Spotted Gums that had been rendered black and sepia after fires in early December. I walked through tinder-dry patches of unburnt forest to the edge of a national park that was unrecognisable in its bleakness. Earlier, I’d been on the edges of an active fire ground, helping mates on a farm prepare for the threat that loomed on a dark and reddening horizon.
The words of Dorothea Mackellar’s famous poem came to mind – ‘I love a sunburnt country… of droughts and flooding rains’ – and the words didn’t resonate as once they might have done. In the face of climate change, the romance of droughts, floods and a perpetually ‘sunburnt’ country is wearing thin.
And hence the idea of Melanoma Country – Australia isn’t just sporting a tan anymore: it’s ‘sunburn’ (read: effects of climate change) has become dangerously cancerous.
As a veterinarian – I’m deeply saddened by the loss and suffering of wildlife and livestock, and worried by the impacts of climate change on our farming communities. Images of burnt animals are horrifying and it’s hard to get your head around the scale of destruction of wildlife and their habitats.
Also as a veterinarian and epidemiologist, I work in an area of science that is fundamentally about understanding cause and effect, and critically appraising evidence. So it concerns me greatly that denial of human-induced climate change still appears to have traction in some quarters of politics, the media and society.
As a father of two young kids I am worried about their future. It saddens me that they won’t be able to enjoy many of the places of natural beauty in south-eastern Australia that I enjoyed as a kid. It troubles me that the ‘new normal’ that they inherit may well be – in so many ways – less secure and less nourishing for mind, body and soul. And it angers me to see policy and politics in Australia being so incredibly short-sighted and bereft of a deep sense of what really matters.
And as someone who senses the urgency of the climate situation – it is time to get serious about addressing the mess that we’ve created. The effects of climate change are happening now; it hurts and it’s really costing us. We need to turn this thing around through mitigation, not just adaptation. I don’t want to adapt to summers like this! And we need to do it through personal responsibility and political action. When I wrote the poem, it seemed even more futile than holding a hose to 20m flames. But if every single one of us does something, then perhaps there’s cause for hope. Duration: 2min 47sec Broadcast: Sat 18 Jan 2020, 12:05pm
A dead koala in a burnt-out forest on Kangaroo Island famed as Australia’s “Galapagos” for its unique and abundant wildlife. Now, the charred forest floor is littered with corpses of animals incinerated by the blazes that swept through in early January 2020. Peter Parks/Gerry Images