Erica’s Blog

Regeneration or Degeneration.

Where is there concern for bio-diversity? Is it enough in our governments?

What have our extremes of climate been telling us? Think of our fires. Check NASA’s fire map!

Consider the question on the cover of ‘Encounter 2020’, the Flinders University raises. issue.

The only constant in life is change. But is it in the right direction?’

Regeneration is the direction if we choose wisely.

Fresh green regrowth growing on burnt trees in the morning sun after forest fire in Australia

Found in SENT  – Mailbox.


Amazon fires increase by 84% in one year – space agency … › news › world-latin-america-49415973

The largest rainforest in the world, the Amazon is a vital carbon store that slows down the pace of global warming. It is also home to about three million species of 

Logging is ripping apart the Solomon Islands. One man is … › science › 2020/01 › de…

And in Australia! 850 coal seam gas wells for the Pilliga Forest in NSW … › watch      2:05

And that is not all, of course. Logging in old growth forest in the Tarkine in Tasmania and protesters. fighting to protect it from the Liberal government and the logging companies, are treated as criminals. It’s not just Liberal. The Labor State government of Victoria has allowed loggers into the areas burnt in bushfires. When the great trees, burnt or otherwise, are gone so are the real carbon sinks. So are the hopes of life for all of us. We are part of the animal kingdom. When we destroy forests, we are – slowly – destroying ourselves. That was the warning in 2016. Now the NSW Liberal government, despite the impact of the fires, is letting Santos go ahead. And this Coalition government is offering our money to help it to happen.

Professor Corey J A Bradshaw is a Matthew Flinders Fellow in Global Ecology in the College of Science and Engineering. [See his extensive credentials on page 16.]

He describes the catastrophes. Our massive contribution to mammal extinctions in Australia. The way we approach water management!! Almost 70% of the Earth’s land surface has been altered by humans. What can we do? That is the question as voters we need to consider. It will be no good moaning afterwards if we allow worse to happen. Democracies have to deal with who wins – and why they are allowed to win. Who we hand the power to! And for how long!!

Professor Bradshaw describes what we’ve done and gives answers. ‘We can demand a more responsible government and tougher legislation to protect our native plants and animals.

We can insist on development that does not require additional deforestation and we can restore great tracks of previously stripped land. [All the clearing under Howard and since!]

We can implement a broad network of clean energy technologies to transition our emissions-heavy economy toward one with a low footprint and we can invest in smarter low water agriculture. [ See the post for June 2020 ‘Complexity and Stability’.]

On a community level, during pandemic restrictions, we have been forced to re-think how and where we work, how our food is grown and distributed, and how cities can support this transition – all aspects that can reduce the impact of climate change.’

As I report Professor Bradshaw’s presentation of what we can do, I remember a Year II Drama teacher, Gay Maynard, at Marion High School studying a theme with her English students – ‘Stepping Lightly on the Earth’. That was in the late 1980s. The Humanities were ‘doing their bit’ thirty years ago! The evidence was in teachers in schools knew it. They were making the connections we need. [Those students are voters in their forties now. ]

In Australia now, this Coalition government is going to increase the cost of Humanities degrees by 113% and decrease the cost of degrees in science, maths and IT.  They are going to exacerbate the divide, focusing on STEM! And this Coalition has a gas-focused, fossil- fuelled committee, chosen by the Prime Minister, to look to our future. Besides this fearsome direction, we have loggers and miners, being supported by governments – Federal and State.  All this, while this global corona virus offers time and a chance for us to re-think. Multi-nationals and foreign companies and commercial media moghuls do not have to live with the results of their actions. Cultures destroyed. Fragile environments destroyed. Regeneration made almost impossible. Still. they and their shareholders made money.

A reason to go back to 1984.

To George Orwell’s novel? Perhaps. Secret trials in the name of national security! This pandemic used, in the name of ‘flexibility’, to undermine the conditions of workers?

No! A cry from the heart. Professor Arthur Peacocke, Dean of Clare College, Cambridge. When and where?  In Australia, at the celebration of the Silver Jubilee Conference of the Australian College of Education in Canberra, May 5th – 9th 1984. His subject? On being humanly and scientifically educated. His contribution to the overall theme. The Human Face of Technological Change.

Remember. We were well into that damned ‘two cultures’ divide by 1984.

What Professor Peacocke was observing in 1984 in the UK resonates with me in 2020?

Under the heading Science and Technology as Human Explorations, writing of the role of imagination and intuition in making a new creative synthesis, Professor Peacocke made this suggestion. And here come the questions. ‘Might not the whole atmosphere of the relation between the sciences and the humanities be transformed if the sciences were, once again, to be conceived as an aspect of human culture. as implied by their old-fashioned designation as ‘natural philosophy’? And might not this attitude of exploration be partly conveyed, more than hitherto, by introducing young people – by history, biography and autobiography – to the mental and spiritual journeys of key non-scientific figures in the life of humanity, as well as to the lives and thought processes of central, formative figures in scientific revolutions, such as Newton. Darwin and Einstein?’  Those are his questions.

Now! And listen to his change in tone. ‘Surely this would be better than the enormity that has disfigured the introduction of information technology to young people in my own country, at least, namely, the obscenity that this has occurred almost entirely through computer games centred entirely on violent conquest. Or, to put it another way (and as Socrates might have said today):

Until humanists are technologists, or the scientists and technologists of this

world have the spirit and power of the humanities, and technological greatness

 and wisdom meet in one, and those commoner natures who pursue either or

the other, are compelled to stand aside, cities will never have rest from their evils –

no, nor the human race, as I believe – and then only will this our State have a

possibility of life and behold the light of day.’   (cf. Plato,  Republic, V) [p. 94]

 In 2020, we separate STEM as though it has nothing to do with HASS in the acronym-based national Australian curriculum. We know about the dangers in this separation. Totally mechanistic. No interest in human consequences.  Here, while the pandemic rages, we have fossil-fuel lobbyists pushing oil, gas and still coal! The world has technologists, owners of great Internet organisations, ignoring questions of ethics and morality. In Australia, the Coalition government intends to increase the cost of a humanities degree by 113%. That is an obscenity! We have computer games of violent conquest. On television, The Game of Thrones!

Evils facing the human race? Might they not only be the exponential rate of global warming? Might they not include the idea of spending on armaments as part of an economic ‘rescue’? In 2020, our Treasurer says he will follow Reagan! How much did Reagan spend on ‘Star Wars’?

The Pilbara – Macquarie University

Moving away from the evils facing the human race, to other human explorations. Back to Robyn Williams and our ABC Radio National Science Show –  And ‘NASA in the Pilbara, WA.’ There is more to this episode besides space travel. ‘The Pilbara, situated in the north of Western Australia, is like nowhere else on Earth.  This is why NASA and European Space Agency (ESA) scientists travelled to there to train for their Mars 2020 missions that will specifically search for life on the red planet.Sep 3, 2019.’ NASA scientists have travelled to the Pilbara to find out more …

Bridging the worlds of science and the humanities.

The Lewis Thomas Award for the Scientist as Poet.

That is the reason behind the International Lewis Thomas Award for Writing About Science, an annual literary prize awarded by The Rockefeller University[1] to scientists or physicians deemed to have accomplished a significant literary achievement; it recognizes “scientists as poets.” Originally called the Lewis Thomas Prize for the Scientist as Poet, it honors individuals who bridge the worlds of science and the humanities. Winners of the Lewis Thomas Prize are celebrated for their ability to express science’s aesthetic and philosophical dimensions, providing new information and inspiring reflection.

Thanks to our ABC we had the pleasure of listening to Dr Sylvia Earle, a recipient of the  Lewis Thomas Award.

Australia’s Ocean Odyssey: A Journey Down The … – ABC iview › show › australia-s-ocean-odyssey-a-j…

Our wonderful, publicly-owned Australian Broadcasting Corporation and our CSIRO produced this outstanding documentary. Australia’s Ocean Odyssey describes the life of the eastern ocean current from the Great Barrier Reef to the Antarctic. And the impact of global warming on the source of life in the current! We are seeing just what our east current does. Unfortunately, at the same time as we have been watching this documentary, the Australian government is undermining connections by putting the humanities out of the reach of many.

We had the pleasure of seeing and hearing the voice of Dr Sylvia Earle, a great oceanographer. She was awarded the Lewis Thomas Prize in 2017. She showed us the importance of marine conservation here.

Dr Sylvia Earle – (photo by Todd Brown)

‘Dr Sylvia Earle is the National Geographic Society’s explorer-in-residence. She has led more than 100 ocean expeditions around the world and pioneered the development of deep-ocean technology, including research submarines. Known internationally as a speaker, author, and advocate for marine conservation, Earle conducts field and laboratory studies that have led to the discovery of new plant and animal species and to the identification of new deep-water ecosystems.’ ‘To understand the oceans, science needs and benefits from great explorers,’ says Jesse H. Ausubel, director of the Program for the Human Environment and chairman of the Lewis Thomas Prize selection committee. ‘Sylvia Earle is one of the most important ocean explorers of the last 50 years, and she brings a spirit of inspiration to everything she does. Her writing has inspired people to pursue careers in ocean science and in conservation, and she’s an enormously effective advocate for creating marine-protected areas in the U.S. and around the world.’ We heard from Dr Earle and Australia’s dedicated men and women of science trying to help us realise what we have. [I include Sylvia Earle’s global mission here.]

About Mission Blue – Mission Blue › about

BUT, when, in educational terms, we are learning the vital importance of connections. why, in Australia, has our Coalition government decided to separate the sciences from the humanities in this way?  This Coalition government intends to make Australia’s humanities students pay 113% more for their degrees while they decrease the fees for science students And they are to pay this exorbitant amount so there is no cost – ‘zero impact’ – on this government’s budget!

STEM not STEAM. This is the madness facing us ‘down under’.

Why would an Australian government decide to punish those who study the humanities?

Thanks to our ABC and our CSIRO, with Sylvia Earle in our homes, we felt the wonder of how the tiniest life, upwelling, influences cloud and rain. And we saw what happens when oceans are warming! We saw the sea grasses. Grasses that flower in the sea. We saw how the sea grasses are threatened. Scientists as poets, who receive the Lewis Thomas Award, are being acknowledged as great educators.

Complexity and Stability

We have been warned again and again about the danger of over simplification. Life is complex. For some reason, our national education system still fosters subjects as silos, rejecting multidisciplinary approaches when we know they are essential if we are to save what we can of the planet from ever increasing global warming. We still in Australia focus on STEM instead of STEAM. And actions by governments can work for worse rather than better.

We have to take in the terrible impact of ignorance among the politicians. Insanity is in the refusal to face the result of the destruction of bio-diversity. Look at the loggers destroying old growth forests. Protectors of forests are put in prison or fined.  Or killed in the Amazon. And the pandemic appears to be letting loose those who would push for business without regulation just to recoup what they call costs. The pandemic has given us time to think.

Read City of Trees by Sophie Cunningham OAM. Stories of trees here and in USA. I named her in a previous blog mentioning her presence at the Adelaide Writers’ Festival.

Look at developers caring nothing about loss of forest, loss of connections in bio-diversity. Look at the hunger of gas and oil and coal men and all their shareholders. Profit today. Tomorrow – toxic for land, rivers, lakes, sea, atmosphere and people. When did Rachel Carson write ‘Silent Spring’?  She quoted Keats ‘And no birds sing’. Why don’t we learn?

 And have you heard politicians accusing meteorologists of manipulating the data? We have a Senator in Australia, a member of the Liberal National Party promoting coal and other fossil fuels who has, in his cowardly fashion, dared to use parliamentary privilege to attack the integrity of our BoM.  It is for that reason I have added this information from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts. Would he attack their integrity?  Or just our important, reliable Bureau of Meteorology in Australia south of the equator!

Land of ice –

From the northern hemisphere, take note of this information, In April, a report from the UN’s World Meteorological Organisation confirmed the past five years have been the hottest on record globally. The state of the climate 2015-2019 report found: sea level rises are accelerating; Arctic sea ice, glaciers and ice sheets continue to decline; there has been an abrupt decrease in Antarctic sea ice; and more heat is being trapped in the oceans, harming life there, while heatwaves and wildfires are becoming an ever-greater risk. The findings are based on computer-generated analyses using billions of measurements from satellites, ships, aircraft and weather stations around the world, C3S said. C3S is implemented by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts on behalf of the European Commission. That Australian Senator wouldn’t dare attack their integrity.


And, on our ABC Radio National’s Science Show, June 13th 2020, listen to the interview, recorded in 2011, in which Robyn Williams spoke to a great Australian, Lord Bob May of Oxford.  He’d have preferred it to have been ‘of Woollahra’. From Sydney to Princeton, to the job of the UK’s Chief Scientist. Bringing physics into biology and moving from there into ecology with the knowledge of mathematics that helped to prove the essential connection between stability and complexity. He helped the UK to wake up to climate change. He also shows the problem of relying on economists!  How often do they base their assertions on evidence? We need to be taking note of the ecologists, not the mining and media magnates.

The Science Show – Full Program Podcast

Vale the professor of everything – So worth hearing. Worth sharing with others.

4 hours ago · 54 mins

Play episode

By NBeale – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons,

Lord May enabled the UK to be far ahead of Australia regarding climate change. Thanks to our indispensable Australian Broadcasting Corporation whose capacity to inform and support all Australians in so many ways needs our recognition and reinforcement.

Fear for the Amazon and us.

From the ABC RN’s Science Show, May 23rd 2020.

4 hours ago · 54 min

Play episode

The plunder and destruction of the vast Amazon forests have been so terrible, that by 2035, they will cease to be a sink for CO2. The burning was so bad last year that the holocaust featured on the cover of The Economist magazine. This week The Science Show receives its first report from Ignacio Amigo who lives in Manaus and writes for the journal Nature.

A young woman reminds us we can help to ease the rate of global warming by our decisions and our actions. And so many of us in our daily lives are doing what we can. But what about when governments and corporations, by their decisions and actions, do the opposite.

In Australia, imagine a Murdoch-media-supported, Minerals Council-supported, fossil fuel magnates-supported, supposed gas-led transition, instead of clean energy. To be funded through the revenue provided by our citizens who pay taxes and contribute to the revenue we need. That’s what appears intended. The Federal Australian government subsidizes mining and allied industries with $29 billion a year. [IMF figures] Now they intend to foster the expansion of gas as a source of energy and profit in the name of ‘transition’!

A logging coupe in Victoria, Australia. Image: Ken Deacon

Consider also the impact of logging, the refusal to foster the regeneration of burnt forests, while we try individually to lessen the impact of global warming!  All that logging destroying forests in Australia. And governments are encouraged by corporations to remove protection of the environment and care nothing about the decline in bio-diversity. All this when we have the approach to education and government we need. Read by George Monbiot.

‘The Fragile Species’

Consider the brain as a forest. Think of what that might suggest.

The neuroscientist, Christof Koch asks us to make that comparison.

Not just any forest. Compare it to the Amazon. Caspar Henderson quotes Koch.

Caspar Henderson, Granta Publications, London, 2017.

‘Scientists are only beginning to map the human brain, for example, revealing it as vastly more complex than any computer we can conceive. Our current understanding of physical reality is woefully incomplete. On Page 152 Koch compares the brain, not just to any forest, to the Amazon rain forest. ‘While it is not precise or literal, it reminds everyone of the diversity and complexity of the Amazon rain forest.’ He tells us: ‘The best estimate of the number of trees of the Amazon is 390 billion. Of our brain,’ he says, ‘the best estimate in terms of the neurons is about 86 billion.’ We talk of ‘logging’ as a major problem for our forests, too often for forests burnt, as they have been, in our catastrophic bushfires.

What if we are undermining the Amazon and other forests and the brain?

The Amazon rainforest is amazing. It makes its own rain. What’s the level of destruction now! The brain has other ways of being destroyed. One is by an education system that undermines the quality of thinking because its approach separates the sciences from the humanities!

Do you know this great American writer about science? Lewis Thomas M.D.?

In 1992, in his collections of essays in The Fragile Species, he wrote the following in this essay: Science and the Health of the Earth’

‘Human beings simply cannot go on as they are going, exhausting the earth’s resources, altering the composition of the earth’s atmosphere, depleting the numbers and varieties of other species upon whose survival we, in the end, depend. It is not simply wrong. It is a piece of stupidity on the grandest scale for us to assume that we can simply take over the earth as though it were part farm, part park, part zoo, and domesticate it, and still survive as a species.’ [p. 122.]

Published by Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1992

In 1992 he said, ‘We are about to learn better, and we will be lucky if we learn in time.’ › lewis-thomas-prize › about

An International Award for Writing About Science The Lewis Thomas Prize was established in 1993 by the trustees of The Rockefeller University. The prize was initially to be called for the Scientist as Poet! Here are some of the recipients: Steven Weinberg. Oliver Sacks. E.O. Wilson. Richard Fortey. Jared Diamond. Kay Redfield Jamison. Frances Ashcroft. Sylvia Earle. Atul Gawande. Siddhartha Mukherjee.

They speak clearly to all of us. Are we going to change our ways in time?

Trees for Life: Canada and Australia

Michael Christie and Sophie Cunningham.

Writers’ Week, Festival of Arts, Adelaide, Australia  – Tuesday 3rd March 2020.

Book design by W.H. Chong

Connections Sophie Cunningham makes. Richard Powers, the American author of Overstory quotes Australia’s First Nations Kakadu Elder, Big Bill Neidjie. Sophie Cunningham, this Australian author, now Adjunct Professor RMIT University’s Non/fiction Lab, acknowledges this First Nation Elder, Bill Neidjie. She thanks Magabala Books of Broome for permission to quote from Story about Feeling by Bill Neidjie and Keith Taylor.

 Read the whole review by Johanna Leggatt. Here are two excerpts.

City of Trees: Essays on life, death and the need for a forest by Sophie Cunningham Reviewed by Johanna Leggatt •  

May 2019, no. 411  ‘. In ‘I Don’t Blame the Trees’, Cunningham displays a talent for great observational detail, noting that the debate as to whether eucalypts should be removed from California’s Angel Island is loaded with inflammatory phrases such as ‘immigrant’, ‘invader’, and ‘refugee’. She resists championing the cutting down of non-native species simply because they don’t support local flora and fauna, wondering instead, quite astutely, what will replace the old trees after they are removed and pointing out that these days all of us are from somewhere else anyway.’

Like David George Haskell, author of The Songs of Trees: Stories from Nature’s Great Connectors, she visits trees. Being Australian, she brings in the Eucalyptus and the Moreton Bay Fig. Compare their visits to olive trees!!! [See previous blogs re David George Haskell and Richard Powers in Sciences-and-Humanities.]

Johanna Leggatt writes: ‘Cunningham leavens her firsthand stories with summaries of scientific research and interviews. The result is an intriguing mélange of personal journey and journalism. The giant sequoia, we learn, are among the world’s oldest trees and their final numbers can be found along a belt of the western Sierra Nevada. When Cunningham walks through a grove of them, tears streaming down her face, she thinks, ‘I would lay down my life for you’. . .  Standing before old-growth trees, reaching for description, her mind stalls before their majesty. She sketches the trees instead, but even this proves challenging, with Cunningham left to wonder, ‘Is it possible to draw, or write, a forest?’

Michael Christie is a Canadian writer, whose debut story collection The Beggar’s Garden was a longlisted nominee for the 2011 Scotiabank Giller Prize and a shortlisted nominee for the 2011 Rogers Writers’ Trust Fiction Prize.

Read the whole review of Greenwood by Michael McLoughlin of ‘Readings’ in Melbourne.

“Every generation experiences a catastrophe: history can be read as a series of apocalypses. Do you think the people affected by the Dust Bowl felt like the Plebs during the Fall of Rome? Will we all feel these same experiences as conflagrations continue to decimate entire regions and the seas rise up to drown our cities? How far will we go to protect life? Will we do the right thing?’

Greenwood is a novel. As with David George Haskell – non-fiction, and Richard Powers – fiction, we have here the non-fiction of Sophie Cunningham and fiction of Michael Christie.  Both are story tellers of the highest order. Both speak to the heart of the matter.

But, in Tasmania Bob Brown and Conservation volunteers, despite the crisis, are trying to protect the takayna/ Tarkine – old growth forest – from the loggers and the insanity of the Tasmanian State Liberal government. They are being fined for protesting. They are being treated like criminals when they are caring about the future for the time when this crisis is over. Check the Bob Brown Foundation website. See the pictures of the impact of the logging already. Let us use our collective voices to fight for the future.

Offering this gem, in hope -– Find Edges by Belinda Broughton. Poet and artist.

The world’s forests

Listen to the voice of this woman, 40 years on. She is asking us

if we are going to trash the place. Not just us in Australia.

Developers and fossil fuel magnates want profit now. Anywhere.

Some governments show little indication that they care.

I offer Robyn Williams’ reflection in this Science Show

for all with ears to hear and eyes to see, hearts to open,

minds to wake and decisions to take about our future.

Terania Creek – a final reflection

On The Science Show with Robyn Williams


Download Terania Creek – a final reflection (11.88 MB)

Australia’s first environmental battle saved the forests of Terania Creek 40 years ago.  Recently they have been burned by wildfire. The world’s forests are under increasing threat. And now their value and importance is greater than ever.
This is our final reflection on Terania Creek 40 years after people came together, and politicians saw the light.

From the film ‘Give Trees a Chance’, Jack Thompson tells the story of Terania Creek from the stump of a logged rainforest tree

Robyn Williams

David Fisher

Duration: 8min 39sec    Broadcast: Sat 7 March 2020, 12.50 pm

‘US STEM students least likely to vote.’ Could this be true!

By Robyn Williams on the ABC RN’s Science Show. His guest is Melissa Varga.

Download US STEM students least likely to vote (8.42 MB)

Melissa Varga. Trainer for the Union of Concerned Scientists

Tufts University surveys university students across the US and reports STEM students least likely of any subject group to vote. In 2016, the humanities turnout was 53%. The STEM turnout was 43%. The Union of Concerned Scientists provides students with voter registration information and trains scientists for involvement in policy and advocacy.

Getty images


Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. 6m 7s. Broadcast: Sat 29 Feb 2020, 12:53pm

In Australia the national curriculum, set up by the 2015 review, separated STEM from HASS. As a teacher, well aware of the value of cross disciplinary engagement, I abhor that separation. But, at least, we have compulsory voting. Voters must turn up. We are citizens of this nation. Voluntary voting in USA appears to allow citizens to abdicate. At least here they must turn up.

STEM students – future scientists, technologists, engineers, mathematicians – ignoring the humanities! USA has had an Academy of Arts and Sciences since 1780! They must realise what governments are capable of. We need STEAM – for young people’s future.

Thought ‘too wet to burn’

Listen to Australia’s Science Show, ABC RN  February 22nd 2020.

 Some trees were over 1.000 years old. The intensity of the fires destroyed them.

The story of Terania Creek.

Saved by protesters in 1979 when loggers wanted entry. So many burnt now. BUT in NSW in 2019 legislation, protesters who dare to try to protect the environment, to protect the trees and what we have left are to be penalised, fined. It appears, despite the fires, this government would rather pollute than protect. We have to ask whose interests they are promoting.

In 2020, in NSW developers are to be allowed in without checking the impact on the quality of the environment. They don’t have to do a count to check the impact on the koala population. It’s the NSW Liberal government backed by Shooters, Hunters and Fishers. Now in power!!! BUT other States are doing the same thing. In Queensland protesters against the Adani coal mine were put in gaol without bail! I question the direction Australia is taking. Towards USA? Or towards the EU? Which approach to the environment and the future are we taking? Always the ABC RN’s Science Show makes us think about where we are going. [See also the interview with Jared Diamond about his new book, Upheaval in the February 22nd 2020 program.]

Terania Creek 1979 and 2019

Image : Darcy Grant


Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume.


11m 52s

Download Terania Creek – saved in 1979, ravaged by fire in 2019 (16.31 MB)

Download 16.31 MB

Many people have been celebrating as 2019 marks forty years since the climax of protests to save the rainforests of northern NSW from clear-felling by foresters. It was the first environmental protest in Australia and led to protests which saved Tasmania’s Franklin River and other areas. But there is a sadness, as the area was not spared by the fires which have burnt so much land in eastern Australia. Sue Higginson, now an environmental lawyer was 19 when she protested to save the forests of Terania Creek. She reflects on what was achieved. ABC reporter Leah White reports on recent changes to laws which lessen environmental protection aid developers and threaten protesters and now, what has been lost by fire, and Scott Stephens, a contributor to the ABC RN’s ‘Minefield’ asks why we mourn the loss of animals, but not trees. He asks why our concern for people, fauna and not flora when, without the flora and the fungi, we are nowhere. How short-sighted are we? Will we learn? It will show in the way we vote. This is also a podcast for listeners.

In a previous blog, I focused on The Songs of Trees: Nature’s Great Connectors by David George Haskell. Look at it. And read Overstory by Richard Powers, winner of the 2019 Pulitzer Prize.

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